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Everything posted by Scutellator

  1. I don't think anyone in the world would disagree with a statement that said. We all argue about the details. But it is easier to say than actually do it. BTW. Does anybody knows the single turning point event in the honey bee evolution?
  2. Hi Paul, A1) Silly question. Yes, of course. A2) quick googling. Found this: Haven't read all the posts (too lazy for that). A3) Can't think of any. A4) YES. Absolutely necessary. All the supers should be placed in between ( until someone disproves otherwise) A5) I don't know. But keep in mind that after the last flow one of the queens usually disappear. And the amount of honey to my experience is less than what you would get from 2 separate hives, but more than one queen hive. Useful for early flows, with bees with slow spring development.
  3. Ever heard of genetic linkage? Simple answer is YES. http://www.pedigreeapis.org/biblio/artcl/JHacarABJ91en.html In Buckfast breeding we see genetic linkages every day and sometimes the gut feeling saves time.
  4. I suppose you used saliva for the #000 brush. It is said that the saliva increase the rejected grafts. The best grafting tool I am aware of is the Swiss one (not it's Chinese imitation) The Chinese grafting tool (with the bamboo pusher) is also good, doesn't require a sharp eye, but it is much slower than the Swiss one. I have an issues with the authority persons. Even the most erudite one sometimes speaks complete nonsense (don't ask me how I know that) As far as I know there are two models of Jenter. The one allows to pick up every second bottom in the row at once. So w
  5. Apart from the above-mentioned reasons, the beeswax is a organic fat and is still a medium for fungi (doesn't stop rotting), whereas the paraffin is non organic fat. Paraffin wax has much shallow penetration than the beeswax, so it is usually mixed with the more expensive microcrystalline wax at 50:50 ratio
  6. I no longer want to save the whole world, most people like it the way it is. I've never sold a single breeder queen. Fist, I find it EXTREMELY dumb idea. Second, it makes the queen rearers lazy, always relying on somebody else to do the hard work for them. Both sides lose in a long run. One of the 4 inbred lines used in the Starline program was actually a Carnica, bred for yellow colour (acording to Larry Connor, the successor of G. Cale) . Used to counterbalance the extreme brooding of the Italians. Practically “stability" is nothing more than certain level of homozygosity. Eve
  7. Why not Eziqueen? It is NZ made and has 4x more beds than either of the two. Very usefull for royal jelly production. But from the two I would say Nicot. Less parts, plus the cells (disposable) and the cell holders can still be used for grafting if you change your mind. The flipside is that one cassete is needed for each breeder ( e.g. for 500 hives about 10 breeders should be used) and is not very sanitary to move the cassete from one breeder to another ( those queens are expensive)
  8. It was presented at the Apimondia this year. To me the sound was very annoying, but I was told that the older guys can't hear it. Damn, I'll have to wait. I asked if they can make it play a parallel melody e.g. Motzart (I would love work the bees in musical atmosphere, plus if the cows can listen music, why not the bees as well), but the inventor said no. The claim was 90% efficiency in 40 days
  9. I don't like to explain that i don't have a sister. Aggressive behaviour is a matter of allelic enrichment. And I don't even need to import IF I want that. Mating with related drones doesn't select for calmer bees, it simply suppress the aggressiveness. Selecting a quiet bee actually requires "hot" hives as drone providers for your virgins. Why I don't believe in the "pure" race breeding as commercial approach? - It's damn impossible to combine the vigour, high performance, disease resistance, low swarming index, non aggressiveness and all other things w
  10. To me the first issue has more to do with bees not well adapted to the climate/your operation. Some strains are very weather dependent (can even canibalize brood during cold spells), others have brooding pattern completely not taking into account polen or nectar inflow, the amount of stores in the hive, nor outside temps The second issue - I don't believe it's really the bad weather ( here we put the blame on the bee eaters). The virgins need only 2 days, 1 hours each of fine weather in a 3 consecutive non-stop rainy weeks. And I remember two such seasons so far. If they don't die
  11. The short answer is that the worker cell become full to the edge with royal jelly within a day. The longer is - that the oldest method of queen rearing is grafting (Doolitle). All others - Alley, Miller, Hopkins-Pehacek.... improvements. You might also find interesting the method of a Serbian beekeeper - Milos Corbic. The hive raises about 50:50 ratio of workers:queens The evidences that the beekeepers are bad in accounting should not even be mentioned. Starting a hive with open brood takes normally 11 days for the queen to hatch and 7-10 days to start laying
  12. I would be more concerned about the bees health, rather the honey. Try to keep the pathogen levels as low as possible. After 2-3 years all will get back to normal.
  13. The honey from Alpine rose (rhododendron ferrugineum) is quite famous, but not poisonous. Maybe colleagues from Italy or Switzerland can tell us more about it. The poisonous rhododendron honey actually has a market value (is this the reason you are asking?;) ) Deli bal ( from the south shores of Black Sea) and the red honey from Nepal are good example. If you can't find enough rhododendron pasture, you should go up North for weed honey. I believe the Tutu honey should have similar properties, if the right dose is measured. The bees can tolerate certain amounts of
  14. Because I don't have parasite mentality?
  15. The value of a bee is always judged by comparison. Can you please, tell us the average of the other hives, the maximum crop from the other hives and was it only one carniolan queen that year. I am more interested though, what were your actions after discovering that you can do better?
  16. I could tell you the things you want to hear, but prefer to give you what you need instead. Sue me. Nowadays the hybrid corn is everywhere. Why? - Because the eye of the pirate cannot be satisfied.
  17. I know what Punnett square is, but the meaning of the above comment eludes me. Still have issues understanding the Humans
  18. Who said it has to be stable? We also need to make a living somehow, you know. Besides, what would happen if a stable, more productive bee gets in the hands of the big shark commercial guys? - They will crush you! The only way of maximizing the performance is by heterosis, and i mean controlled heterosis. Not all heterosis gives increased vigour, it can also brings decrease in it. Heterosis. Bud Cale.pdf. Don't have to read the whole thing, table 4 says it all. Nothing against making your own queens, buying nucs, hiring a person, taking brood from the production h
  19. As soon as the population becomes light inbred, the virgins start avoiding related drones. But if you keep the genetic diversity within the population you should be ok. The virgin normally mates within 1km of her hive. If the drones are insufficient, she'll fly further.
  20. Nah, unlike the Western countries, where the bees were driven out of the primitive hives, in the Eastern countries the harvesting (most heavy skeps) was done by killing the bees ( at least for the Ottoman empire). Passing on the genes, required different set of qualities. Carnica (and the Netherlands native bee) was, in the past, purposely selected for swarming propensity, the only way of reproduction. The swarms were exported to the western and northern parts of Europe in great numbers. It is only because the local bees were less favourable in qualities( and the inability of the italians
  21. That doesn't apply to bees with higher pathogen threshold and less virulent strains of AFB. But it is good that the Nature in every case is trying to find a balance
  22. About once in every 10 years there is some epizootic occurrence. Take it as the annual flu in humans. The first wave is very virulent ( but before the first wave, there might be 2-3 years incubation period/adjusting to the host, allowing to be spread by the beekeeper). Any kind of exchange of frames between colonies make the losses higher. After the first wave the virulence gradually decreases, clinical symptoms become less common. At this point (re)introducing succeptible stock ( one unafected by the outbreak) does not cause major problems. The queen rearing process is very
  23. "…. recent studies using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and a P. larvae specific 16S rRNA probe demonstrated that P. larvae spores germinate at any place in the larval midgut and that vegetative P. larvae bacteria colonize the larval midgut where they massively proliferate living like commensals from the food ingested by the larvae. Eventually the honey bee larvae gut contains nothing but these pathogenic bacteria. It is not until then that the bacteria penetrate the midgut epithelium and ‘burst’ out of the gut into the organ cavity thereby killing the larvae (Yue et al., 2008). In
  24. Sure it does. In Poland nearly half of the beeks use AI, which is impressive. The Russian breeders in US are good example (in terms of cooperation and genetic maintenance). The Buckfast breeders in Europe are another one. IF your only goal is to preserve the yellow colour of your bees, having neighbors with yellow bees usually results in yellow bees, so yes - it does work. BUT, if you're focused on vitality and your neighbor doesn't share your philosophy, feeding/helping every hive that probably would die, his drones will probably have mating advantage over your drones when mating
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