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About Scutellator

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    International Beekeeper


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    North Greece

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  1. Scutellator

    Drones laid in the honey supers

    I'm not big enough for you to be the supreme one? Jeez, that hurts my feelings
  2. Scutellator

    Drones laid in the honey supers

    Few possibilities: -There was a drone laying queen -Drone laying workers from another hive. -BUT based on the description of the situation - less honey, more drone brood (less "police" behavior) farther away from the queen, lack of eggs in the supers and so on.. It sounds like an anarchist workers. Usually there are always some laying workers in a normal queenright hive. And it is common to get some (dozen) drone brood above the QE from the workers. Everybody I know who does AI is aware of this problem. But the percentage of the anarchist workers can vary between the hives and can be bred intentionally. And in such hives, during certain times the season big % of the workers can start behave like queens.
  3. Scutellator

    Dee Lusby's Bees

    One characteristic thing for the Africanized bees is that you can do some casual work and bees wandering around you for hours, but as soon as you get stung, in less than 5 seconds there will be another 5 stings on the same spot. A lot of fun The quickest test for africanization is that the stinger is active after 24 hours of the death of the bee.
  4. Just for the protocol, VSH is a additive trait controlled by at least 7(so far discovered) pair of alleles. The more of them you have, the more you get. The first generation from pure VSH queen (inseminated with non VSH drones) will be as efficient in removing varroa as pure VSH. Even the second generation will be varroa resistant enough to go on without treatments (thus having on average at least 50% of active VSH alleles in the majority of the workers) http://www.glenn-apiaries.com/genetic_aspects_queen_production_3.html
  5. Scutellator

    Ignorant People selling Garbage Bees

    In regards to AFB, a laboratory results, valid for 30 days, from a sample of few hives in the apiary, does good job. BUT the results can say the hive is healthy and it still may die and be contagious. We simply don't know everything. There is no solution. People are ignorant, oblivious, denial and always looking for the cause(excuse) outside of themselves. "They did not died from a disease. Some of my hives were foraging in pesticide sprayed areas, bringing the poisonous nectar in the hive. They died of pesticide poisoning. I know what a disease is!!!" All business areas with expected high profit margins, attract the greedy part in every human. True, nobody owes you anything. The majority, though, don't realize that by hurting others, they hurt themselves (but who cares as long as still generates profit). I would say - stop thinking how others should behave. Nobody is gonna do it for ya. It is something we have limited control. BUT we have full control over ourselves. There is no short cut. Become better than everybody else.
  6. Some Apis mellifera sub-species indeed practically don't swarm (would endanger their survival in Nature) Breeding out swarming behavior is doable and relatively easy. So, yes, non swarmy commercial bees do exist and are very common on the EU market. But when the selection for low swarming index goes beyond a certain point, the bees sometimes even lose the ability to rear their own queens and without a beekeeper to put a new queen, the hive dies. The non swarmy bees for commercial use don't go to that extreme, but are still very useless for queen cell production (poor acceptance, small queencells) So calm down everybody. Breathe. Nothing new under the sun. The world is not coming to an end yet.
  7. Honey safety is a good concern. BUT - What effect GM bees will have on the industry in the foreseeable future - NONE. First of all, making them resistant to a pesticide doesn't mean they won't die from something else. And even if they are overall better survivors - alive bees and bees producing honey are still two different things. ( Keeping high immune response or/and detoxifying toxins needs a lot of metabolic energy) The second consideration is - If the bees can't reproduce themselves and interbreed ( to protect the intellectual property) - who is going to buy those bees on a regular basis? They will be more expensive, because of the higher production costs alone. AND the beeks, as we all know, just love to spend money (and not conservatively minded at all). The genetically improved bees is not a new concept. And the history already have provided evidence why the idea of superior bees so far have failed to be universally adopted. SO.... Those bees stand a chance only if the beeks have no other options at all
  8. Scutellator

    Varroa resistance to Oxalic

    Greece - about 11-12 hives/ sq km Crete (the biggest Greek Island) - about only 6
  9. Scutellator

    Document Crazy business idea?

    So many have adopted wrong beliefs, so I feel the need to put my two cents on the topic. The first question that comes to mind never should be “how I can make some money?”, but “ What is missing in this world?” The next questions should be about like: Does the world already needs what is missing?, or I have to create the need for it myself (costs time) Problem + pain = money Somebody already doing it or has been done by somebody else before? Can I learn something from his/their experience? As with anything new and profitable - the first wave gets the biggest chunk of money, the second wave gets enough to recover the expenses and have some profit (could be only a mental energy loss), the third wave…. enter the market too late And not on the last place – what is my target group? Do I know It’s mentality? How can I speak their “language”? For your case - selling your time to people who value their money more than their time is like me trying to sell my services as a man to a prostitute – the both times so far didn’t worked out. P.S The idea itself is not crazy, just the execution;)
  10. Scutellator

    Breeding black queens

  11. Scutellator

    Bee Box Brander

    The branding plates are made of bronze (stays hot longer). Bit heavy for this kind of handle.
  12. Scutellator

    lines of hybrid bees

    The local mongrel mix in Europe has Caucasian, one or two (out of 60+) lines of Carnica, few strains of Ligustica, Cypria, Carpathica, Anatoliaca, Armenian, Primorsky, Sahariensis, Monticola/Elgon + some relic genetics of native bees in it. And you dare claiming good genetic diversity for the NZ bees, holding only three sub-species of bees as a proof? WoW
  13. Scutellator

    lines of hybrid bees

    Yes, introgressed genes always exist, even in the pure race "Nazi" Carnica line breeding programs in Austria and Germany. But even they rely on heterosis for their production hives. Ask a professional sports athlete IF he/she takes substances prohibited by the Anti-Doping Agency. - NO!, right. Is a Dingo dog a crossbred or a dog breed itself?
  14. Scutellator

    Cell Spacings On Cell Bar

    Regarding preventing construction of brace comb over the cells, as mentioned above - having two foundations per batch of grafts in a finisher helps . Empty foundationless frame, even better, but still doesn't solve the problem completely. Things that work best are: Queenless finisher Putting the cell bars into a insulator frame (queen excluders) Hair roller cages over the capped cells (left open). Good for small scale queen rearing. Cells get ugly, but unaffected otherwise. About the spacing, believe this is the right one: Less space between cells does make them smaller, but more than this doesn't seem to make them any bigger.
  15. Scutellator

    lines of hybrid bees

    Very interesting concept. Heterosis (invented term, standing for stimulated heterozygosis) is correlated with the level of heterogeneity. The degree of stability (homozygosity) is calculated by the inbreeding coefficient. Both are opposite and self excluding things. The only hybrid bees known to me are a result of the famous breeding program ran by Dadant for nearly half a century. Rest should be called (interracial/line) crosses (known parentage) or mongrels. Is it possible to stabilize a cross? - YES! Most dog breeds and todays non hybrid plant cultivars are created by crossing different dog strains and plant varieties (most of which do not exist anymore). Do they possess hybrid vigour? – NO. As for Buckfast, just like any other strain of bee, it gives best results when outcrossed. It is nothing more than a set of qualities/additive polygenic traits, holding on their dominance in open matings. Rest is heterosis. 439.full.pdf