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Cong

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Cong last won the day on January 3 2016

Cong had the most liked content!

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About Cong

  • Rank
    Larva

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  • Beekeeping Experience
    Commercial Beekeeper

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  • Location
    Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

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  1. Some people did not take care when collecting pollen. If they reduce the size of the doors and put the trays carefully, it would be more efficient. They buy these grids from suppliers. (my family also sell it. We provide a manufacture a sample, then order it). The trays in this videos are handmade. We used to make these trays from metal panels. Some people buy plastic trays instead.
  2. This is about how pollen is collected. .(This is not my own video - I copied from a Vietnam beekeeping group on FB). It is maize (corn) pollen from Moc Chau - a rural district of Sơn La Province in the Northwest region of Vietnam.
  3. Thanks @Manukamole, you are welcome! Yes, i'm here. How can i help you, @tony?
  4. Cong

    Export NZ honey

    How big Chinese is comparing to Vietnam or NZ? and how many tons of honey we export compare to China? countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of natural honey during 2014: 1. China: US$260.3 million (11.4% of total honey exports) 3. New Zealand: $168.2 million (7.3%) 6. Vietnam: $127.8 million (5.6%) WTEx In 2010, United States Imports of Honey mostly from Argentina, follows by Vietnam. Mostly because we sell raw honey to intermediaries. Then they use a machine to reduce "percent of water" (i dont know exact words). after that, intermediary export honey over seas. and "Vietnam honey is mainly exported to the U.S market at price much lower than that of other countries (US$2.48/kg)." that is the reason for why our honey is cheap. "According to Vietnam beekeeping association, Vietnam continuously gained good results in exporting honey to the world in the first seven months of 2014. In total, 27,000 tons of honey were exported to 14 countries and territories. The country succeeded in exporting to the new strict market, Australia and other markets such as Mongolia and the EU. The U.S. still accounts for 95% of the country’s total export revenue, with over 25,000 tons in the first 7 months of 2014." Vietnam trade - promotion agency My father and his brothers who is working in beekeeping have no ideas on CFU. our country have no law or standar requirements on honey bees. We might not know this, however, our honey is still good.
  5. Cong

    Export NZ honey

    Dear @tristan I know that. But I don't argee with you that extracting honey from brood is fail. If we fail, why dont you think how did we export honey to US, Europe last year, 2,3,4...years before? Each country have their own way of rasing bees and extracting honey. Problem of my country is that many people who raise bees/resell our honey are unethical, not the way we extract honey. Vietnam is a poor country, most of beekeepers dont have enough knowledge. They even did not graduated secondary or high school. They need an agent who can buy their honey then help them to export it. Living standar in Vietnam is really low. We might use a motorbike for twenty years untill it cannot be fixed or Some beekeepers do never dream of buying a car. So, how do they buy advanced equiptment like you? We are trying to innovate the way of keeping bees as well as equiptments day by day. It would be slow but we proud of that. And can you please dont say that our honey is not clean!
  6. Cong

    Export NZ honey

    Hi @Sam Tim Last year in Vietnam, the highest price for raw honey was $3.25NZD/litter. This year, this price would be much more lower. And we cannot export honey ourselves. Wish you can help us. :cry::cry::cry::cry::cry:
  7. The government have no compulsory rules or standars for this job which is completely differ from NZ or the US. People starts keeping bees theirselves. Everyone can be a commercial beekeeper with only around $13,000NZD (200,000,000 VND) start-up capital. 10 years ago, number of commercial beekeeps can be counted in hands (very few). the general problem in our country is that when people sees someone else does a job with high revenue, they are willing to give up their old job to start this one. Nowadays, I can find beekeeper everywhere. Last year, price for 1kg honey was nearly $2.6NZD (40,000VND). this year it drops drastically to $1.6 ( around $2.2 for a litter). This is because We lost the contract with the US - the main honey importer of our country. they found that some samples of honey have an overwhelming percent of sugar. the reason for that: some beekeepers who raise bees in small scale feed the bees with lot of sugar syrup. We donot have an advanced tech to check the nutrition facts/ingredients of honey. Or eventhough we can check it, it would not be admitted. the sample must be sent to Germany. Vietnam donot have barganing price power, we accept price. If not, the beekeepers will die. There is not many researches for keeping bees in Vietnam even we are at the top honey importer in the world. Most of beekeepers were famer, they have no knowledge or skills to do researches. the only thing they can do is trying to improve tools and share experiences through word of mouth. About raising bee as it is in NZ, I think there were some people tried to do this since my father said it is not a effciency way; and the weather is the reason for that. You might need to know that we extract honey every 10 days to 2 weeks (or even 7 days if the sources are plentiful).
  8. I'm sorry for being offline from this site for a long time. Normally, Each commercial beekeeper in Vietnam owns around 250-500 hive (a box contains up to 10 frames maximum). This is the optimal number for individual. when doing this alone, they might have to work nearly full time of a day to feed 250-500 hives the or clean the boxes, etc... However, when extracting honey or moving these boxes to another place, they must aks for the help of some thereabouts beekeepers. For example: if they want to extract honey, It must be about 9 to 12 people in order to complete the job in the morning (from 8-12am for 250 boxes, 8am to 3am for 350-400 boxes...). With 3000 hives, my father deivdes it in to 7 parts which varies from 250 to 500. Every part needs 1 to 2 people to take care of the bees. they are about 4-10 km far away from other or sometiimes, it is 50-100km apart. We donot have the advanced facility as it is in NZ, all we have is manpower, so, everything takes lot of time to be done. In adition, we work all time over a year and do not have free time even in the New Year (New year in Vietnam is in the middle of honey season). if someone want to have a break, there must have another to replace or we always have at least 1 person to stay to look after these hive and watch for the thieves (pollen, beewax, sugar is more valuable than a single hive/honey). lol. . Sorry for the messy of this video. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment. I will reply ASAP. cheers! ventilation? The windows are circled in red color, one is at front and above the door; another is at the back of the box. They are almost close at all time, exception is when they are moving to another place in the truck. treatment: We make a treatment as soon as we see the diseases. if it not from inside the hive (pesticide, mildew of the trees...)-> move to another place as soon as possible. -European foulbrood: my father will merger two boxes in to in box and throw away the frames which cannot be mergered. (e.g. 10 frames of two boxes, he keeps only 2 frames, kill two queens and replace by a new queen cell.) -varroa: he uses acid formic together with Melaleuca oil {or the thin, yellow plastic - i dont know its name; but acid formic is more efficency). And give them a rest between each treatment...
  9. In the honey season, if the hive is strong and the box is full of frames, the worker bees will create this amazing structure in the top of the box. We have to cut them out whenever we extract the honey. This is a very common phenomenon in Vietnam.
  10. 1st, about swarming. There are some reasons for this phenomenon: -The queen is too old while the whole colony is too strong -there are some diseases (such as varroa...) -The hive is too dirty -the worker bees create new queen cell ... The solution we use for these problems is that: insert a new queen cell if the queen is not goog enough; split the hive if they are too crownded; throw away the queen cell that the worker bees created and replace by a handmade queen cell. We also have some people to check the box regularly in order to make sure that all the hive is ok. Second, in spliting or creating a new hive: My father split the hives all year round or whenever we need and they are strong enough. We always have some backup queen cells in cases we need it. A strong hive is chosen to be splited. This hive has about 8-10 frames (because we use single box, not as it is in NZ). In this box, once again, we take two frames which ảre nearly fully cover by drone pupaes. Put them into a new box and give them a new queen cell. That's all. Sorry for anny grammar or pronunciation mistakes that I had made.
  11. We mix 5 litters of formic acid 94% with 1 litter of Melaleuca oil. The liquid that we got is used for varroa treatment. The small gray piece is flolite floral foam. Its size is about 1x3x5cm. We put in in the be hive for 48h then take it out.
  12. Cong

    a very common frame of honeybee in Vietnam

    Yes, Ali. We take the frame out, which is about 5-10 cm above the box, then shake it carefully. The bees will fall into the box. After that we use a comb to clean the rest bees staying in the frames. A tool which works like gadern watering is used to make the bees cannot fly for a while. We put these frames into the extractor to get honey. The final step is putting the frame into the box. I will make a video about this but not at this time. Maybe a few weeks later. :)
  13. Cong

    a very common frame of honeybee in Vietnam

    first is because of weather; the weather in vietnam is much more warmer (always nearly 30 celcious degree). We use only single box, do not seperate the queen with the top box like it is in NZ. And second, since we take honey out every 10-14 days in honey season, this small area at the top of frame seems to be enough.
  14. Some new images about beekeeping in Vietnam
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